Smart Materials, Robotic Structures, and Artificial Muscles
In recent years robotic surgery has garnered a great deal of engineering interest due to its non-invasive surgical procedures. There is no text book on robotic surgery that also addresses the applications of smart materials, smart robotic structures sensors and artificial muscles in robotic surgery. The book has end of chapter homework problems and a solutions manual.
This book focuses on robotic surgery and biomimetic artificial muscles and their possible engineering, industrial, medical and science applications. It presents the fundamentals of surgical robots, such as design of their geometrical configurations, kinematics, dynamics, and control. It also describes the designs of ophthalmic surgical robots and general laparoscopic surgical robots as well as the applications of a number of materials and systems that are currently available and can be manufactured or fabricated to act like biomimetic artificial muscles, sensors, and actuators.
Artificial muscles have shown great promise in various medical, robotics, biomimetics, biologically-inspired materials and systems and advanced engineering applications as sophisticated nanocomposites. In particular, polymeric versions of these materials such as ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs) and conductive polymers (CPs) and Carbon nanotube (CNTs) have been of particular importance in these materials. This book will cover an introductory general chapter on the history of biomimetic artificial muscles and their possible engineering, industrial, medical and science applications as well as biomimetic artificial muscle, sensors and actuators. In particular this book covers artificial muscles made with piezoelectric materials such as piezoceramics (PZT) and piezo polymers (PVDF, ceramics, polymeric, etc.) and Germanium and polycrystalline silicon, electrostrictive materials such as PMN (Lead Magnesium Niobate) and magnetostrictive materials such as Terbium Alloys (Terfenol-D), magneto-rheological fluids (MRFs) and smart materials composites, Electroactive polymers (EAPs) such as dielectric elastomers, ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs), and ionic polymer metal nanocomposites (IPMNCs), conductive and conjugated polymers, carbon nanotubes, ferroelectric relaxors composites such as PVDF-TrFE, metal hydride artificial muscles such as LaNi5 (Lanthanum-pentanickel), artificial muscles and biomaterials such as polyacrylonitrile gels, chitosan gels, non-ionic gels, magnetic gels, chemomechanical polymers and contractile muscles, liquid crystal elastomers, shape memory alloys such as Nitinol and magnetic shape memory (MSM) alloys such as NiMnGa and shape memory polymers such as poly(β-caprolactone) dimethacrylate and butylacrylate, carbon nanotubes, biomaterials such as cellulose, molecular engines such as DNAs and artificial muscles made with other biogenic and bio-inspired intelligent materials.
This book will have 6 chapters including an introductory general chapter on the history of robotic surgery and biomimetic artificial muscles and their possible engineering, industrial, medical and science applications. There will be a number of chapters on the fundamentals of surgical robots such as design of their geometrical configurations, kinematics, dynamics and control. These chapters will be followed by additional chapters describing the designs of ophthalmic surgical robots as well as general laparoscopic surgical robots as well as applications of a number of particular materials and systems that are currently available and can be manufactured or fabricated to act like biomimetic artificial muscles, sensors and actuators.