After over 20 years of their commercialization, lithium-ion batteries have experienced a rapid market growth despite a sluggish worldwide economy. With emerging new markets, lithium-ion batteries need to provide enhanced performance in terms of energy density, power density, calendar life, and safety. This requires the development of new electrode and electrolyte materials capable of storing more lithium at faster rates with higher chemical, thermal, and mechanical stability.
This book covers the most recent advances in the science and technology of nanostructured materials for lithium-ion applications. Some of the most renowned scientists and technologists in the field present their state-of-the-art research on nanostructured anode and cathode materials, some of which are already in use in commercial batteries. The book will be a useful reference in the fast-growing field of nanostructured materials for energy storage and conversion, which is expected to shape the next-generation lithium-ion batteries driven by a highly demanding and fast-expanding market.
- Is the first of its kind and is fully dedicated to the nanoscience and nanotechnology of lithium-ion batteries
- Presents the most-promising nanostructured materials options toward the formation of Li-ion batteries that would surpass more conventional batteries in energy density
- Comprises of chapters contributed by most-renowned scientists and technologists, who have presented their state-of-the-art research on nanostructured anode and cathode materials, some of which are already being used in commercial batteries while others are under intensive R&D activity
“This book provides a very useful introduction to the forthcoming advanced nanomaterials for lithium-ion anodes and cathodes. Benefits and disadvantages of a wide range of materials types are presented both in the context of fundamental materials properties and challenges of incorporating nanomaterials into practical electrodes and cells. Common themes within the chapters are the benefits of nanosizing materials in terms of shorter diffusion lengths, improved conductivity and better rate capability, but disadvantages such as low density and increased surface area leading to greater irreversible capacity and unstable SEI are also highlighted. Strategies to control volume expansion and limit material degradation with cycles via the preparation of composite materials and nanostructures, coatings or doping also feature across a wide number of the examples used.”~Dr. Sarah Ball, Johnson Matthey Technology Centre, UK
“Battery electrodes require a large number of active nanoparticles to be electrically interconnected and adhere well to the current collector, in order to ensure a long battery cycle life and long-term reliability. Much of the book deals with nanomaterial properties in relation to the electrodes. Silicon nanowire electrodes are being investigated as replacements for the current graphite cathode, because theoretically silicon should have 10 times greater capacity. Problems that must be overcome, and potential solutions, are described. . . . The effects of particle size versus surface area in other nanosized materials are also described in detail. The book has good technical depth, yet is still very readable. It contains many photos, illustrations, tables, and graphs of data that provide the reader with the insight needed to understand the phenomena being described and the processes occurring in lithium battery chemistry. Researchers as well as students studying lithium-ion batteries will find this book well worth reading. It provides insight into many different avenues for potentially improving lithium-ion battery performance. The reader will learn about these new ideas and gain a better understanding of what currently limits battery performance.”~IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
“Mobile electronics has grown in popularity because lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have delivered greatly reduced device size and long life. It is expected that electrode material will play a major role in achieving the greater demands of power and energy density and ensure long battery cycle life and long-term reliability. This book discusses in detail nanomaterial properties in relation to electrodes, performance parameters for various cathode materials, potential new anode nanomaterials, reactions with metal nanofilms, electrode geometry designs, effects of particle size on surface area in other nanosized materials, and problems that must be overcome and their potential solutions. It provides readers and researchers with insights to understand the phenomena and process involved in lithium battery chemistry and into many different avenues for potentially improving Li-ion battery performance.”~IEEE Electrical Insulation
“This book contains a collection of the most recent studies written by highly recognized authors in the field. The book is valuable especially for young scientists seeking inspiration from the most fascinating discoveries in the field. The book can also serve an excellent reference for experts."~Prof. Vassilios Vargiamidis, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
“This book provides an up-to-date view of the status of a very important topic, energy storage for portable applications that require both a large amount of available energy and its accessibility at relatively high rates. Developmental work toward meeting these requirements is currently focused on lithium-ion batteries. Whereas the amount of energy stored is determined by thermodynamic factors, both the rate at which this energy can become available and the useful cycle life depend on the details of the electrode microstructures. Recent work has focused on the use of nanostructured materials, as described in great detail in this fine book.”~Prof. Robert A. Huggins, Stanford University, USA
“This book offers various comprehensive ideas on anode and cathode nanomaterials for new-generation lithium-ion batteries. Silicon and tin nano-alloy systems as the anode, discussed in the first several chapters, and olivine and spinel oxides as the cathode, in the latter chapters, are presented as nano-electrode materials with high power and high energy capacity. Readers will get some important electrode concepts from this book.”~Prof. Masataka Wakihara, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan