Advanced Materials for Joint Implants View Front MatterView Back Matter

Advanced Materials for Joint Implants

by Giuseppe Pezzotti

“This text is intended for orthopedic surgeons, engineers and researchers interested in bioceramics and biomedical polyethylene used in joint implants. There is an ever-growing demand for better joint replacement biomaterials that are optimal for a younger, more active, obese, and longer lived patient population. A comprehensive approach that takes into account the nano- and macroscale properties of biomaterials, better manufacturing, quality control and packaging, better patient selection, innovative surgical techniques, infection control, and a proactive effort by hospitals to screen the implants for potential defects before implantation is required to meet this demand. Advanced Materials for Joint Implants addresses many of these issues. It is an excellent resource for anyone interested in understanding how biomaterial properties at the molecular scale can be linked to macroscopic joint implant performance. This book provides a critical review of various generations of bioceramics (e.g. alumina and zirconia), cross-linked polyethylene, and metal implants used in joint replacement. It provides a refresher on various tribiological analysis and non-destructive biomaterials characterization techniques such Raman and Infrared Spectroscopy. Throughout the book, there are many examples of tissue and implant retrieval analysis using various spectroscopic methods. Pezzotti also explains the use of analytical tools to evaluate traditional in vitro implant test results that do not account for in vivo factors such as stress and corrosive nature of body fluids. A thorough discussion of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene–based implants is also outlined and provides an excellent explanation on how spectroscopic methods can be used to differentiate between creep and wear in polyethylene-based implants. The book also contains a dedicated chapter on future trends in joint replacements. The author provides the reader with a concise review of the latest advances in joint replacement materials, including vitamin E–infused polyethylene, metal–ceramic hybrid components, novel surgical techniques, and future biomaterial choices for joint implants. In summary, Advanced Materials for Joint Implants, by Giuseppe Pezzotti, is an excellent reference source for the dedicated materials scientist or orthopaedic surgeon who desires an up-to-date and in-depth text in the ever-changing field of materials science and joint implant surgery.”

BioMedical Engineering OnLine
  • Format: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 9789814316880
  • Subject: General Biomedical Engineering
  • Published: September 2013
  • Pages: 626