Prof. Newman is considered one of the great chemical engineers of his time. His reputation derives from his mastery of all phases of the subject matter, his clarity of thought, and his ability to reduce complex problems to their essential core elements. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC, USA, and has won numerous national awards including every award offered by the Electrochemical Society, USA. His motto, as known by his colleagues, is “do it right the first time.” He has been teaching undergraduate and graduate core subject courses at the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), USA, since joining the faculty in 1966. His method is to write out, in long form, everything he expects to convey to his class on a subject on any given day. He has maintained and updated his lecture notes from notepad to computer throughout his career. This book is an exact reproduction of those notes.
This book presents concepts needed to define single- and multi-component systems, starting with the Gibbs function. It helps readers derive concepts of entropy and temperature and the development of material properties of pure substances. It acquaints them with applications of thermodynamics, such as cycles, open systems, and phase transitions, and eventually leads them to concepts of multiple-component systems, in particular, chemical equilibria and phase equilibria. It covers topics such as the interconversion of mechanical and thermal energy, processes involving compression of gases, the Carnot and practical refrigeration cycles, the liquefaction of gases, Joule–Kelvin expansion, Amagat’s law, Dalton’s law, the virial equation, Redlich–Kwong and van der Waals equation of state, Gibbs’ phase rule, Gibbs’ mixing rule, fugacity coefficient, and activity coefficient and discusses a multitude of examples of different systems at work. It clearly presents all concepts that are necessary for engineers.
“Professor Newman’s lecture notes on classical thermodynamics provide a rigorous and accessible treatment of key concepts and applications. These notes are an excellent source of insight and instruction, from one of the greatest chemical engineering scholars of the last half century, and will prove to be valuable for those starting their studies of classical thermodynamics as well as those who are already experienced.”~Dr. Paul Albertus, Maryland Energy Innovation Institute, University of Maryland, USA
“These lectures notes on thermodynamics are concise, clear, and logical. The pace is lively and the organization of material is suitable for introductory courses. Examples are helpful and pertinent. Problems given at the end of each chapter help to reinforce the context of the ideas and themes. The material is a suitable introduction for undergraduates and reference for successive graduate studies.”~Prof. Bill Smyrl, University of Minnesota, USA