The inclusion of qualitative social data into global environmental and economic input-output (IO) models remained illusive for many years. It was not until around 2013 that researchers found ways to include data, for example, on poverty, inequality, and worker safety, into IO models capable of tracing global supply chains. The sustainable development goals have now propelled this work onto the world stage with some urgency. They have shone a spotlight onto social conditions around the world and brought global trade into the frame for its ability to influence social conditions for good or ill.
This book provides a compilation of groundbreaking work on social indicators from the most prominent IO research groups from a wide range of academic backgrounds and from around the world. In addition, it frames this work in the real world of politics, human rights, and business, bringing together a multidisciplinary team to demonstrate the power of IO to illuminate some of the world’s most pressing problems. Edited by well-known researchers in the area, Joy Murray, Arunima Malik, and Arne Geschke, the book is designed to appeal to a broad academic and business audience. While many chapters include technical details and references for follow-up reading, it is possible to omit those sections and yet gain a deep appreciation of the power of IO to address seemingly intractable problems.
The book will be a great reference for graduate- and postgraduate-level students and for business/industry personnel responsible for sustainability or corporate social responsibility.
Global Trade in an Era of Neoliberal Capitalism: Origins, Context and Implications
Joy Murray is a senior research fellow with the Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA) group at the School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia. Before joining ISA, Dr. Murray worked for over 25 years in education, preschool to postgraduate. She has also worked with residents of government housing estates to collaboratively develop leadership capacity. Apart from contributing to numerous journal articles, she has edited The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Input-Output Analysis (2010); Enough for All Forever: A handbook for Learning about Sustainability (2012); The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Multiregional Input-Output Analysis (2013); The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Social Analysis and Assessment (2016), and The Social Effects of Global Trade (2018).
Arunima Malik is an academic at the University of Sydney. She has expertise in undertaking Big-Data modelling of sustainability performance of products, processes, and organisations, and to quantify sustainability impacts at local, national, and global scales. She has carried out a range of sustainability supply-chain assessments of healthcare products, biofuel production, construction materials, global energy use, global nitrogen and greenhouse gas emissions, and tourism. Her research is interdisciplinary and focusses on the appraisal of social, economic, and environmental impacts using input–output analysis. She works closely with the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network for undertaking assessments for quantifying spillover effects in international supply chains. She is also a lead author for the Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report.
Arne Geschke is a researcher and scholarly teaching fellow at the ISA. He studied industrial mathematics at the University of Hamburg and the University of Bath. During his PhD at the ISA, he was part of the team that developed the then largest global MRIO database, Eora. He has mainly worked on streamlining and automating the complex procedures involved in compiling large-scale, global MRIO databases. He was also one of the key system designers of the Industrial Ecology Virtual Laboratory (IELab) software suite.