Graphene has been attracting growing attentions in physics, chemistry, and device applications after the discovery of micromechanically cleaved graphene sheet by A. Geim and K. Novoselov, who were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics. The electronic structure of graphene, which is described in terms of massless Dirac fermions, brings about unconventional electronic properties, which are not only an important basic issue in condensed matter physics but also a promising target of cutting-edge electronics/spintronics device applications. Meanwhile, from chemistry aspect, graphene is the extreme of condensed polycyclic hydrocarbon molecules extrapolated to infinite size. Here, the concept on aromaticity, which organic chemists utilize, is applicable. Interesting issues appearing between physics and chemistry are pronounced in nanosized graphene (nanographene), as we recognize the importance of the shape of nanographene in understanding its electronic structure. This book comprehensively discusses the fundamental issues related to the electronic, magnetic, and chemical properties of condensed polycyclic hyodrocarbon molecules, nanographene, and graphene. In these five years since the publication of the 1st edition, the growing research on graphene and related materials has uncovered unconventional facets of graphene and its nanostructured derivatives. This 2nd edition includes a new chapter on current topics, in addition to updates to the existing chapters.
- Explores the issues connecting the physics and chemistry of nanographene
- Illustrates the importance of the shape of nanographene in understanding its electronic structure
- Covers the electronic, magnetic, and chemical properties of graphene and nanographene
- Includes references at the end of each chapter
“Graphenes define one of the hottest topics in current materials science. This book comprehensively covers graphenes, addressing a broad range of physics- and chemistry-related aspects. This in itself is remarkable because so far books on graphene have mostly been restricted to the physical aspects. However, there is an alternative approach which originates from chemistry. Regarding graphene as a two-dimensional conjugated polymer, it can be described as resulting from the extension of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to infinite size. What chemistry can bring to the graphene research is its expertise in materials' synthesis. Important criteria which come to mind here are structural perfection, reproducibility, and the efficiency of the fabrication process at different length scales of the products. Further, understanding graphene on the basis of chemistry provides information on what physics cannot cover, particularly on graphene nanostructures. Currently graphene nanostructures have attracted much attention in their own right as active components of electronic and spintronic devices, charge storage materials for batteries, platforms for sensing or catalysts for oxygen reduction in fuel cells. Clearly, for these fields, the bottom-up approach of chemistry is indispensable, and it is hard to think of robust graphene-based technologies without an impact from chemistry. This 2nd Edition adequately covers current issues together with hot topics in graphene research since the publication of the 1st Edition in 2013. The book plays a dual role: as a rich source of knowledge for graphene chemistry and as an introduction to graphene physics with an emphasis on reliable structure–property relations. Both the newcomer and the expert will find it extremely valuable.”~Dr. Klaus Müllen, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Germany