Antonietta Morena Gatti is a physicist and bioengineer. She obtained her degree in physics from the University of Bologna, Italy, along with a 3-year specialization in bioengineering. She is the founder and director of the Laboratory of Biomaterials of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy, and the founder and president of the Association of Health, Law and Science, Geneva, Switzerland. Dr Gatti has an interdisciplinary background ranging from physics and chemistry to biology, physiology, and pathology. She has 30 years of experience in biomaterials and biocompatibility research at national and international levels. She discovered the presence of micro- and nanoparticles in biological tissues and their pathological effects. She invented the word “nanopathology” and developed a new nanoparticle-based diagnostic tool for making clinical diagnosis of pathologies such as like leukaemia, cryoglobulinaemia and cancer. Currently, she is working on syndromes such as aerotoxicity and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) using scanning electron microscopy. She has written 260 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 3 books and 7 chapters and is a reviewer for some international journals.